The overlooked aspects of the formal state failure in Somalia: the colonial legacy and the incessant international scramble for Somalia

The overlooked aspects of the formal state failure in Somalia: the colonial legacy and the incessant international scramble for Somalia
Moment Research CONSULTANCY 

Moment History Society – May 6, 2017 – The (formal) Somali State collapsed in January 1991. Since then, up until mid-2012, Somalia had had no central government and the country symbolised what is called “failed state”. On the other hand, to the surprise of many international observers, Somalia and its people have not failed but instead progressed and (to some extent) prospered amid stateless socio-economic reality. Local forms of governance, based mainly on traditional values and the age-old Somali customary laws (known as Xeer) that were previously suppressed by the colonial administrations and the subsequent formal state, have (re)emerged to take over from the centralised state which had failed to provide essential public services to its citizens long before it eventually ceased to exist. Continue reading

Marxaladihii ay soo mareen ciidanka Xoogga dalka Soomaaliyeed!

Marxaladihii ay soo mareen ciidanka Xoogga dalka Soomaaliyeed!

Posted on April 12, 2017 Moment HISTORY Society 


Taariikhda Ciidanka Xoogga dalka Soomaaliya waa mid ka mid ah Hantida ugu faca weyn oo ay leeyihiin shacabka Soomaaliyeed, waa hanti ma guurto ah iyo Xasuus ku keydsan dadka garan kara qiimaha ay leedahay 12 April.

Taariikhda Xooga Dalka Soomaaliya waa arrin markasta laga hadlayo oo ay kaaga dhex muuqanaayso sharaf, karaamo, magac wanaagasan, geesinimo iyo guulo ay u soo hooyeen umadda Soomaliyeed, islamarkaana markaaad dhinaca kale ka eegto iyo sida ay yihiin ciidamada Xooga Dalka Soomaaliya aad dareemeyso murug, nasiib daro ku dhacday Xooga Dalka Soomaaliya iyo Masiibo qaran oo u baahan xal deg deg ah. Continue reading

Akhriso: Taariikhda Ciidanka Xoogga Dalka Soomaaliyeed Iyo Dhibaatada Maanta


Akhriso: Taariikhda Ciidanka Xoogga Dalka Soomaaliyeed Iyo Dhibaatada Maanta


Moment HISTORY Society – Apr 12, 2017 – Ciidanka xoogga dalka Soomaaliyeed ayaa maanta u dabaaldegaya sanad-guuradii 57-aad ee aasaaskooda, cabsi dateed waxaa xiran isu socodka waddooyinka Muqdisho taasi oo ku tuseysa awoodda ciidanka iyo khatarta dalka ka jirta.

Dhibaatada Ciidamada Heysata Waxaa Lagu Soo Koobi Karaa: Continue reading

The Year 1950 in History

IMG_7365The Year 1950 in History

Sunday April 9, 2017
Moment HISTORY Society

After all-night discussions on November 21, 1949, the General Assembly of the United Nations, after section by section approval, overwhelmingly accepted the resolution by a vote of 48 to 1 and 9 abstentions, placing Somalia under Italian Trusteeship. The lone dissenting voice being that of Ethiopia, the abstaining Powers were: Byelorussia, Czechoslovakia, France, New Zealand, Poland, Sweden, Ukraine, USSR and Yugoslavia. It is interesting to note that Soviet Union and the Eastern European States, despite their strong opposition to the resolution, decided not to vote against it.

However, a considerable period of time had elapsed before actual handover process between the British military occupation and the incoming Italian administration took place. In its resolution, the General Assembly of the United Nations had called upon the Trusteeship Council to negotiate with Italy over a draft trusteeship agreement to be submitted for approval by the General Assembly no later than its fifth regular session in 1950. The resolution recommended, inter alia, that Italy should be invited to undertake the provisional administration of Somalia. Two weeks after the General Assembly made its recommendations; the Trusteeship Council has taken initial steps for carrying out the provisions on Somalia were taken by establishing a special committee with the task of preparing a draft Trusteeship Agreement.

Instituting the Trusteeship Arrangement- Ethiopia attempts to delay the process Continue reading

Bar AMA Baro | Moment HISTORY Society |

BAR AMA BARO  – Qoraalkaan wuxuu sharaxayaa waxa ay dimoqaraadiyadda tahay.
Qoraalkaan markii hore wuxuu ku qornaa af ingiriis oo waxaa qoray barofasoor mareykan ah oo lagu magacaabo Larry Diamond oo Jaamacadda Standford University ka dhiga cilmiga siyaasadda. Qoraalkan waxa uu kaa caawin doonaa fahamka waxa ay dimoqaraadiyaddu tahay.
Dimoqaraadiyadda waxa ay ka kooban tahay afar qaybood oo asaasi ah. Afartan qaybood waa tiirarka ugu muhiimsan ee dimoqaraadiyadda.
1. Dimoqaraadiyadda waa nidaam siyaasadeed oo ay xukuumadaha isku bedelaan ka dib doorasho xor ah oo caddaalad ah.
2. Waa nidaam siyaasadeed oo ay dadweynahu si firfircoon uga qeyb qaataan siyaasadda.
3. Waa nidaam dhowra xuquuqda bin’aadanimo ee muwaadiniinta oo dhan.
4. Waa nidaam uu sharcigu isku si u qabto qof walba.
Waxaan halkaan hoose sharaxaad kooban ka bixinayaa qeyb walba oo ka mid ah afarta qeybood ee ah tiirarka dimoqaraadiyadda.
1. Isbedelka xukuumadaha Dimoqaraadiyadda waa nidaam ay dadku ku doortaan hoggaamiyaashooda oo ayna dadku kula xisaabtamaan hoggaamiyaashooda sida ay shaqada iyo siyaasadda u wadaan. Dadka ayaa go’aansada ciddii ku matali lahayd dowladda, ayaga oo kala dooranaya xisbiyo iyo shaqsiyaad ku tartamaya doorasho joogto ah oo xor iyo caddaalad ah. Xukuumadda waxa ay ku dhisan tahay rabitaanka dadweynaha.
Dimoqaraadiyadda waa nidaam ay dadweynuhu xor yihiin. Dadweynaha ayaa leh awoodda ugu badan ee siyaasadeed ee dalka. Awoodda waxay ka timaataa dadka, madaxduna waxa ay awoodda hayaan wakhti go’an.
Sharci cusub waxaa la suubin karaa haddii baarlamaanka intiisa badan ay ogolaadaan. Dadweynaha xor ayey u yihiin in ay dhaliilaan madaxda ay doorteen iyo sida ay shaqada u wadaan. Madaxda la doortay waa in ay u dhaga furnaadaan dadweynaha oo ay dhageystaan codsiga, talooyinka iyo baahida dadka. Waxna ka qabtaan baahida dadka.
Doorashooyinka waa in ay u dhacaan sida joogtada ah oo uu sharcigu dhigayo. Madaxda ma kororsan karaan wakhtiga ka dhiman ka degista jagada ayaga oo aan mar labaad doorasho rabitaanka dadweynaha soo gelin.

Continue reading

Kaalintii Shisheeyaha ee Doorashadii Cabdirashiid iyo magacaabiddii Cigaal!

IMG_7010Moment History SOCIETY – Sida ay muujinayaan qoraalada sirdooka Maraykanka, Cigaal wuxuu noqday Ra’iisul Wasaare 1967, asagoo maalgelin ka helay CIA, ujeedadu waxay ahayd in saameynta Maraykanka ee Geeska Afrika uu xoojiyo, khilaafka dhulka ee Soomaaliya kala dhaxeeya Itoobiya iyo Kenyana uu si nabad ah uga tannaasulo.

8 bilood kaddib markii uu ku guuleystay xilka, March 14, 1968, Cigaal waxaa Whitehouse-ka ku casuumay madaxweyne ku xigeenkii Maraykanka Hubert Humphrey, waxaana sidoo kale qaabilay Madaxweynihii Maraykanka xilligaaas Lyndon Johnson.

Sida ay muujinayaan qoraalada, Cigaal isla markii wuxuu Itoobiya u bandhigay inuu wada hadal ka galayo dhul sheegadka “Irrendentism”, isla markaanna uu rabo xasilooni “detente”. Sida qoraalka ku qoran, Cigaal markiiba laba arrimood ayaa qabsaday:

1-Itoobiya kama soo jawaabin codsigiisa illaa bishii August 1968.
2- Ciidanka Soomaaliya oo uu hoggaamiyay Jeneraal Maxamed Siyaad Barre ayaa diidmo muujiyay, shacabkana ka horkeennay ayagoo ku eedeynaya in Itoobiya ay tannaasulkiisa weji gabax iyo xaqiraad kala kulmay. Continue reading

Baidoa: A Call of Duty “Professor Mohamed Haji Mukhtar (Taariikh Xanbaarsan Dhacdooyin Lama Ilaabaan Ah)

img_1064Moment  History Society  – 20 JAN 2017: – Dr. Mohamed Haji Mukhtar, Once an unquiet humanist warned wisely that those who cannot remember the past are destined to relive it. To this outrageous and joyfully ignored truth, an anonymous saying goes like this: “wise people learn from other people’s errors; intelligent people learn from their own; fools never learn.”

It seems that Somalis are NOT learning from lessons of their own history because as an anonymous said also: “they were listening the first time.” It is beyond comprehension to see government sponsored violence on the people and the city of Baidoa. It is outrageous to see AMISOM troops firing live ammunition to innocent people. It is unbelievable to hear that Somali government ordered its national and international troops to shut down the very venue that Baidoans have been debating in a peaceful manner on the fate of their people in particular and that of Somalia in general.

Continue reading